More than half of the world population now lives in cities. One of the many consequences of this fact is that more people than ever are exposed to poor quality or polluted air. With large and dense populations there tends to come a degree of industrialisation. This can result in a variety of different pollutants being introduced to the air locally. Cities, without exception have large volumes of traffic. While cars continue to run on fossil fuels they will pollute the air which may lead to numerous respiratory conditions in the local population. The even surfaces of streets do not trap particles the way vegetation would and so many potentially harmful particles remain suspended in the air. Studies are revealing how many household detergents and cleaning products may be resulting in increased rates of respiratory conditions such as asthma.
So it seems to be more important than ever that respiratory CRO’s are able to carry out investigations into the causes of respiratory conditions and the effects of air pollutants.
The deleterious consequences of smoking continue to affect large numbers of people especially in developing nations where there have not been the same inroads made to awareness of the harms of smoking. There continues to be a demand for treatments to counteract and repair the effects of smoking as well as drugs that can inhibit the addiction process.
There are of course numerous respiratory ailments that are not caused directly by the presence of pollutants in the immediate environment or through directly inhaling noxious fumes.
Cystic fibrosis is one such ailment. Widespread across Europe, one in every 2-3,00 newborns in the EU are thought to be affected by cystic fibrosis according to the WHO. Investigating effective treatments of cystic fibrosis should be part of any respiratory CRO’s field of study.
Java Clinical Research has a special focus on Cystic Fibrosis. Being based in Ireland means Java CR has immediate access to a population that has the highest rates of Cystic Fibrosis in the world. Having worked hard over the years to establish good working relationships with cystic fibrosis specialists not only in Ireland but in other sites across Europe, Java CR is an ideally situated CRO for respiratory studies.